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Showing posts from August, 2013

Michael Servetus, unitary mysticism and science.

Servetus's work is unique in the attempt to unite two spheres of human reason that are seemingly as far away as beliefs of Christian mysticism on the one hand, and empirical experience and scientific knowledge on the other. In history of philosophy, history of science and history of religions has always been considered that there are two quite distinct and irreconcilable areas of experience. Servetus, exceptionally, unites them. And he did, indeed, from the idea of ​​pneuma, a form of 'spirit' that enters the body through breathing and blood circulation and acts very powerfully on mind. Servetus made an extensive and interesting collection of Christian writings that support this idea. He thinks materialistic as the ancient Greeks, but in his case from the core of Christianity and basing it on the Christian dogmas! In the first book of De Trinitatis Erroribus Servetus states that Christ is in spirit of God and that it is located in the sky, from the beginning to the end of t…

Hippocratic soul

As theobject of study oftheHippocratic school is bodyand its diseases, it is not surprisingthat theHippocratic physicians defended a physical viewof the soul, but interestinglymainlyphysicalrather thanbodily. Ifthepre-Socratic philosophers agreed to say thatthe air, or anythingassociated with it, was the universalprincipleand spiritual elementpar excellence, or the universal soul or primus motor that said Aristotle, theHippocraticparticularlydiscussed concretes air conditionssuch as wind, temperature and humidity,that affect the bodyand mind and their healthy or pathologicalfunctioning. The fifth sectionofthe Aphorisms of Hippocratic Tractatumalludestopneuma, thatmeant"breath" or "air" and spirit or soul too.Hippocraticcalledpneumatoair insidethe body, andjust "air" when outof it. Throughthe mouth, nose, or skin surface, air penetrates the bodyand becomespneuma. The functions of pneuma are: feeding, refresh, revive, drive, etc the different tissuesandorgan…